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The repeal of the law is a historic victory, but it will not solve the fundamental problems of Indian agriculture

Suman Kalyan Moulick
In the end, the ongoing struggle of our food givers has won. The farmers have been able to snatch their victory by fighting a year-long deadly battle.  700 farmers has been planfully killed by state terrorism and slander. The fascist government has knelt before their resistance. This victory is also an inspiration to the people who are protesting against this dictatorial, undemocratic, corporate puppet government in various ways. The response of the Kisan Morcha, the leader of the movement, is very important. On the one hand, they welcomed the announcement of withdrawal of Farmers Law by Narendra Modi and on the other hand, they made it clear that they would remain at the Delhi border till the laws are withdrawn in accordance with parliamentary norms. At the same time, they reminded us to withdraw the electricity bill (amendment) 2020 and ensure a minimum support price for the crop.
The importance of achieving victory in the ongoing peasant movement is multidimensional. From the very beginning, this movement had instilled hope in the minds of the people against the fascist regime led by Narendra Modi. Since coming to power in 2014, the Modi government has been pursuing one policy after another with unprecedented speed. In this context, it is important to note that in the 1990’s, the ruling class of India launched a financial reform program at the juncture of liberalization-privatization-globalization under the auspices of the World Bank, IMF, World Trade Organization, etc. (led by Narasimha Rao-Manmohan Singh) Although the activities are a continuation of that, the Modi government is much quicker and more brutal when it comes to implementation.
Lifting restrictions on the free flow of foreign capital into various economic sectors, privatization of state-owned enterprises, GST, monetization, labor codes – this series of attacks disrupts public life. State governments are further weakened. The smooth implementation of these anti-people policies is supported by the dream of a Hindu state as defined by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Withdrawal of Article 370 in Kashmir, separatist issues like CAA-NRC were brought to the fore. On the one hand the workers, peasants, small traders and the masses are facing severe financial catastrophe, on the other hand women, tribals, Dalit religious and ethnic minorities are being trampled under the ideology of Hindu Rashtra. Law and Labor Code.
The first successful resistance against this continuous aggression of the Modi government was the movement formed under the leadership of the United Kisan Morcha. Their Delhi expedition and the continued presence of camps on the border was a turning point in the post-independence peasant movement. Another big issue is that despite the corporate media’s constant propaganda, the movement can rally people from other walks of life in its favor. The Modi government initially tried unsuccessfully to thwart the movement through constant slander and state terror against the peasants. But the leadership, with sufficient political maturity, was able to make the movement an issue across the country. The kind of public support that was generated for the movement even outside India is unimaginable. This movement has developed into a real mass movement. Just as the leadership has consistently relied on street fights (Satyagraha, Rail Rocco, Chakka Jam, Bharat Bandh), it has again tried to weaken the ruling party in parliamentary politics by urging the BJP not to vote in various elections. Just as they have gone on hunger strike and peaceful sit-ins, social boycotts of BJP MPs, MLAs and other office bearers in Punjab, Haryana and various parts of Uttar Pradesh have endangered their political existence. They suspended the implementation of the laws indefinitely even after the bill became law in Parliament, a testament to how much the movement had upset the Narendra Modi government. The leadership of the United Front did not allow any political party to use this movement but instead forced the BJP opposition political parties to support their movement. Today, Narendra Modi’s apology to the countrymen is the inevitable consequence of that successful movement.
The decision to repeal the Agriculture Act will definitely affect the politics of the country in the future. In this case, electoral politics is a factor. The BJP’s defeat in various elections and the fear of defeat in the forthcoming Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana Assembly elections is one of the reasons for today’s decision, but not the only one. The biggest thing is that Narendra Modi has no choice but to defend the interests of corporate capital in India – today’s decision is a major blow to this campaign. This time, the corporate lobby will also question his eligibility.
The biggest impact of this victory will be on the ongoing anti-fascist, pro-people movements in the future. The peasants have won because they have been able to fight unitedly through many ups and downs. The peasant movement was not limited to the repeal of three anti-peasant laws. Their movement was simultaneously a struggle for the return of the republic, a courage to question the one-sidedness of the judiciary. The movement is also a successful retaliation against the way in which two specific corporate groups (read Ambani and Adani) are becoming the masters of the country’s destiny in the Modi era. Today’s victory will inspire tomorrow’s movements.
It is a well-known fact that 55% of the people of the country are directly or indirectly employed in the field of agriculture and the agricultural sector is in constant danger. While the repeal of the Agriculture Act would have prevented the blueprint for establishing a corporate monarchy in Indian agriculture, it would not have solved the fundamental crisis in India’s agricultural system. It is hoped that issues like radical land reform, distribution of khas land, increase in agricultural wages, development of infrastructure, subsidies in agriculture will come to the forefront of the peasant movement in the future. Today, the demand for a minimum price for crops is similarly alive.
This victory is giving birth to a new possibility for the movement. In particular, the weakened movements against the Labor Code, the Citizenship Amendment Act (NRC, CAA), the privatization and it will strengthen the movement against privatization of state-owned enterprises, and this decision has led to a greater mobilization in the future. Above all, this victory will inspire you to challenge every aggression of cultural nationalism in the name of Hindi-Hindu-Hindustan.
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